Spreads are a vital aspect of forex trading. In simple terms, spreads are the direct costs a trader incurs while trading different financial securities in the forex market. Here are the complete details on forex spreads:

What Do You Mean by the Spread in the Forex Market?

  • Spreads are the primary costs that constitute a significant part of the overall trading and transaction costs for the traders. Generally, the spread is built with two important prices: ask and bid. Both prices are available in every currency pair; therefore, the trader must know the general meaning of prices during trading.
  • In the language of the forex market, spreads refer to the difference between the bid and ask price. It is also sometimes regarded as a bid/ask spread. Furthermore, alterations in the spread are called pips. Pips calculate the slight movements in spreads. Generally, pips are the modification of the fourth decimal of a currency pair. Apart from the spreads, the lot size also ascertains the trading cost.
  • Forex trading includes buying and selling currency pairs. In other words, it includes buying one pair and selling another. The left currency is called the base currency, and the right currency is called the quote currency.


What is the Bid and Ask Price?

Bid and ask prices are derived from the currency pairs. Bid price stands for the total cost of buying the base currency. On the other hand, ask price refers to the cost of selling the base currency. Check out fxopen review for more in detail.

Spread Calculation

While trading in the forex market, the traders must know how to calculate the spreads. As mentioned above, spreads add to the overall trading costs, affecting the traders. Here is a method of calculating spread most accurately. Therefore, traders can determine their potential profit or loss before undertaking any trade.

  • Traders must determine the difference between the bid and ask prices.
  • The bid price is reduced from the ask price.
  • The available amount is the spread.

For Instance

Base currency = 1.2089

Ask price = 1.2091

Note: The bold letters denote pips.

Spread = 1.2091- 1.2089 = 2 Pips

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Types of Spreads

Spreads are generally of two types: High and Low pips.

If the pips are more, the spreads will enhance automatically, leading to higher spreads. However, the traders usually prefer low spreads because they make the trade more reasonable and economical.

Market Condition

The forex market is prone to liquidity. However, if the overall market is volatile and not much liquid, it directly affects the spreads. More volatility causes high spreads. The effect, when reversed, can differ the situation, i.e. the market turns more liquid and less volatile. It leads to reduced spreads.

What Are High Spreads?

High spreads are the increased transaction costs. Therefore while performing trading, the traders have to pay more to buy a currency and earn fewer profits while trading it.

“The fundamental law of investing is the uncertainty of the future.”

-Peter Bernstein.

What are low spreads?

Low spreads are the opposite of high spreads. The comprehensive transaction cost reduces significantly. Thus, the traders pay less to buy currency and earn more profits while trading it.

Why Spread Changes in the Forex Market?

Generally, the forex market gets moved with a piece of important news and events. Once the market is shaken, the overall costs of the currency pairs and other financial securities also get altered. With the changes in spreads, the transaction cost is heavily affected. Therefore, it is significant to notice the changes in spread.

The Bottom Line

Therefore, the traders must note the general meaning of spread. Besides, while calculating them, the traders must adopt a suitable method. Generally, forex spreads are the difference between the buy and sell price. It is crucial to find the difference between them as the available difference directly affects the trading cost. A rise in the trading cost affects the trader the most. A primary fact to note is that the forex spreads are highly variable. Therefore, they keep altering. The experts usually suggest that the traders must trade during the low spreads. Low spreads are a sign of reduced costs; hence, the trader will earn more profits. Furthermore, it is also imperative to find the right forex broker as they are the direct link between the trader and the forex market.

Forex Trading

Liquidity is the fundamental factor that charms traders from across the globe. Predominantly, it is the pre-eminent perk of trading in the forex market. As per the report published by an esteemed bank, the forex market accounted for $5.1 trillion in liquidity in 2016 and is likely to fly high in the coming years.

The availability of liquidity in the market makes it easy for traders to access it. However, the liquidity gets afflicted on certain occasions that the traders must consider before investing a significant chunk of money. Besides, it is crucial to understand the core meaning of liquidity. The forex broker hycm review help you to understand the term liquidity in detail.

Forex Trading

What is Liquidity?

  • In a general sense, forex liquidity refers to the ability of a currency pair to be easily bought and sold without causing any significant impact on its exchange rate.
  • A currency pair is highly liquid when more market movements are recorded of that pair, and therefore more transactions occur.
  • The presence of liquidity allows the currency rates to be more competitive.
  • Besides, the liquidity also significantly impacts the comprehensive forex market.

Who Offers Liquidity to the Forex Market?

  • Liquidity Providers

Liquidity providers are responsible for providing liquidity to the forex market. Typically, liquidity providers are the monetary institutions or brokers who work simultaneously from both ends of transactions.

  • Market Participants

Furthermore, multiple market participants offer liquidity to the forex market. Market participants include different financial institutions, commercial banks, investment banks, forex brokers, overseas investment managers, retail traders, and wealthy individuals.

  • Tier 1 Liquidity Providers

Tier 1 liquidity providers are the significant investment banks that trade forex instruments on a large scale. They also provide quotes for the currency pairs. Additionally, they also account for several other services.

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Importance of Liquidity in the Forex Market

The forex market is called the most liquid market; thus, the entire concept of liquidity holds a significant value in the market. Here are some points that justify the importance of liquidity in the forex market:

1. Alluring rewards

A forex market is where traders are bombarded with excellent discounts and lucrative deals. However, great deals are only possible due to extreme liquidity. Therefore, it is the way traders get better discounts and profitable deals.

2. Price stability

A liquidity provider will ensure extensive price stability by taking a better position in forex pairs. It later gets offset with a different market maker or aggregated to the market maker’s book. The book contains the forex pairs to be liquidated at a later stage.

3. Forex market makers

The traders don’t get direct access to tier 1 liquidity providers. However, some high-profile forex brokers have access to tier 1 liquidity providers, so the traders gain more liquidity for their currency pairs and other forex holdings.

Types of liquidity

Generally, liquidity is of two types in the forex market. These are mentioned as follows:

High liquidity

High liquidity is used for the currency pairs that can be easily exchanged without affecting the overall exchange rate. For instance, EUR/USD is the best example of high liquidity. The exchange of this currency does not cause much variance in the price level.

Low Liquidity

Low liquidity, on the other hand, is different from high liquid currency pairs. The currency pairs with low liquidity cannot be bought and sold in significant sizes. For instance, PLN/JPY is an ideal example of less liquid currency pairs.

Other Markets and Forex Market Liquidity

  • Compared to other markets, the forex market is the most liquid. Typically, trading bonds, stocks, and other financial instruments on the stock market are less liquid. Besides, many financial markets don’t operate regularly; therefore, they are less liquid, and the traders are less likely to receive economic benefits.
  • Furthermore, there is a significant difference in the overall margin and leverage requirements of the stock and forex markets. The stocks are traded with a margin requirement of 20 per cent, while on the other hand, the forex market securities get leverage of 500. Hence, more liquidity prevails in the forex market compared to the stock market.

The Bottom Line

Therefore, in a nutshell, it is fitting to mention that the forex market is the ultimate leader in liquidity. The market is highly liquid and thus manages to allure several traders worldwide. Liquidity also makes way for several profits for the traders, making them encounter more profitable deals.

Forex Trading

Whenever you think of investing money, real estate and the stock market are the main options that come to anyone’s mind. However, if you want to diversify your portfolio and branch out to various emerging markets, you might consider investing in the forex market. Forex refers to exchanging currencies for one another. Earlier, this market’s reach was confined to tourism and commerce, but recently the forex market has turned out to be a profitable avenue for professional investments too.

In forex trading, the trades are executed via a trading platform offered by the broker. However, there are many choices of trading platforms available these days, so it can be a challenge to pick the right one which suits your needs the best. Here are the tips that can help you choose a reliable trading platform:

 Forex Trading

1. Do Some Research:

There is no point in looking for a brokerage firm that does not meet the standards. So, before you choose any trading platform, you must read reviews about them. Additionally, you can ask for recommendations from others. Reputation and reliability are the major things to consider in a trading platform. The platform you choose must be efficient to help you gain sufficient profits. You can check if other traders are happy with their experience with the broker; if most people have had a good experience with the brokerage firm, it is likely that you will too. Next, the brokerage firm should be licensed to make sure your funds are safe. Also, keep your goals clear so that the broker can help you achieve them. Some traders randomly select a broker without considering if they would fit their needs.

2. Good Commodities:

To find a reliable trading platform, check its basic functionalities as well as good commodities, which are as below:

  • Interface: Forex trading is a complex process. Therefore, you don’t want a complicated trading system as well. The trading platform must be straightforward and easy to access.
  • Stability: Forex market is open 24*5 and is highly volatile. Therefore, a trader needs to stay abreast of market changes at all times. And for this, you need a reliable and stable trading platform. You need a trading platform that does not crash because the time lost because of malfunctioning of the system can cost you a lot of money.

“Whatever method you use to enter trades, the most critical thing is that if there is a major trend, your approach should assure that you get in that trend.”

-Richard Dennis.

  • Customer Service: The broker you choose must be patient and ready to help you at all times whenever you need them.
  • Training: It will be an added advantage for the traders if they search for a brokerage firm that can provide relevant learning materials. Having a broker is not enough; you need to learn everything about the forex market to make efficient trading decisions.

3. Consider The Cost:

Each brokerage firm has different costs, fees and charges. Ideally, you would want these trading costs to be as low as possible. Considering the trading costs is important because high trading costs can eat your profits. If the fees are high, you will not be able to grow your money.

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4. Have A Trial Run

The most effective way to find out if a particular trading platform is meant for you is to try it out first. A demo could actually seal the deal for you. Most brokers today offer a facility of free demo accounts, which are risk-free and help traders practice on the trading platform to get an idea of it. Everything is the same in the demo account; there is just virtual money involved compared to the real funds.

A demo account can help you experience a trading platform first-hand to check if it fits your requirements and needs perfectly. It is like a trial run that reflects what it will be like when you use the trading platform.


To sum up, one can say for anyone wanting to trade forex; it is vital to choose a reliable forex broker like evolve markets reviews that can offer the right trading platform for your trading needs. However, this process can be challenging. But with the tips mentioned above, you can know what you should look for in the forex broker. Always remember to conduct in-depth research and determine your goals and needs when selecting a trading platform. A brokerage firm that can provide more than the minimum can be a good option.